COUSIN (COdon Usage Similarity INdex): a normalized measure of Codon Usage Preferences (bibtex)
by Bourret, Jérôme; Alizon, Samuel; Bravo, Ignacio G
Abstract:
Codon Usage Preferences (CUPrefs) describe the unequal usage of synonymous codons at the gene, chromosome or genome levels. Numerous indices have been developed to evaluate CUPrefs, either in absolute terms or with respect to a reference. We introduce the normalized index COUSIN (for COdon Usage Similarity INdex), that compares the CUPrefs of a query against those of a reference and normalizes the output over a Null Hypothesis of random codon usage. The added value of COUSIN is to be easily interpreted, both quantitatively and qualitatively. An eponymous software written in Python3 is available for local or online use (http://cousin.ird.fr). This software allows for an easy and complete analysis of CUPrefs via COUSIN, includes seven other indices, and provides additional features such as statistical analyses, clustering, and CUPrefs optimization for gene expression. We illustrate the flexibility of COUSIN and highlight its advantages by analysing the complete coding sequences of eight divergent genomes. Strikingly, COUSIN captures a bimodal distribution in the CUPrefs of human and chicken genes hitherto unreported with such precision. COUSIN opens new perspectives to uncover CUPrefs specificities in genomes in a practical, informative and user-friendly way.
Reference:
Bourret J., Alizon S. & Bravo I. G. (2019) COUSIN (COdon Usage Similarity INdex): a normalized measure of Codon Usage Preferences. Genome Biol. Evol.. evz262.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{BourretEtal2019,
    author = {Bourret, Jérôme and Alizon, Samuel and Bravo, Ignacio G},
    title = "{COUSIN (COdon Usage Similarity INdex): a normalized measure of Codon Usage Preferences}",
    journal = {Genome Biol. Evol.},
    year = {2019},
    month = {12},
    abstract = "{Codon Usage Preferences (CUPrefs) describe the unequal usage of synonymous codons at the gene, chromosome or genome levels. Numerous indices have been developed to evaluate CUPrefs, either in absolute terms or with respect to a reference. We introduce the normalized index COUSIN (for COdon Usage Similarity INdex), that compares the CUPrefs of a query against those of a reference and normalizes the output over a Null Hypothesis of random codon usage. The added value of COUSIN is to be easily interpreted, both quantitatively and qualitatively. An eponymous software written in Python3 is available for local or online use (http://cousin.ird.fr). This software allows for an easy and complete analysis of CUPrefs via COUSIN, includes seven other indices, and provides additional features such as statistical analyses, clustering, and CUPrefs optimization for gene expression. We illustrate the flexibility of COUSIN and highlight its advantages by analysing the complete coding sequences of eight divergent genomes. Strikingly, COUSIN captures a bimodal distribution in the CUPrefs of human and chicken genes hitherto unreported with such precision. COUSIN opens new perspectives to uncover CUPrefs specificities in genomes in a practical, informative and user-friendly way.}",
    issn = {1759-6653},
    doi = {10.1093/gbe/evz262},
    Bdsk-Url-1  = {https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evz262},
    pages = {evz262},
    URL = {https://academic.oup.com/gbe/advance-article-pdf/doi/10.1093/gbe/evz262/31200060/evz262.pdf}
}
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